Marble is a very unique stone because depending on where it was excavated, it will have different colours and characteristics in each slab. Marble is a beautiful, natural stone that and has been hidden underground for millions of years. We are now seeing the wonders of this magnificent stone.
While marble is extracted in many different countries, it is most commonly associated as being from Italy. Italian artists, architects, designers and engineers have been using marble from Italy for centuries. The most popular varieties of Italian marble all have very distinctive Italian names such as: White Carrara, Calacatta, Bardiglio, Red Verona, Portoro, Pietra di Trani, Custonaci, and many others.
This article will discuss eight things that you might not have known about Italian marble.
They started out long ago just using the natural cracks in the stone and then using hammers and wedges to break apart the stone. Over the years, they started using dynamite and now use special saws that allow for large cuts of the marble. The most modern tools are diamond wire and diamond saws that are exactly what they sound like.
For transportation, the Italians used to simply slide the stone down the hill to the cities. Nowadays, there are train tracks everywhere and if that doesn’t work, there are trucks that can handle the immense loads.
The United States is by far the biggest importer of Italian stone. They are then followed by Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. As with a lot of other high end items, places like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are emerging as huge buyers of the beautiful stone.
However the main shades, with all of these combined colours still usually ranges from pure white to pearly white because of the calcite.
It is quite interesting what can be done these days with modern technology and stone that is millions of years old!
They replaced the red clay bricks with white marble with pink streaks. They got the marble from the quarries of Candoglia and transported them on the waterways of Italy for free. The foundation still gets marble from Candoglia in order to do restoration and repairs on this amazing cathedral.